When it comes to computer viruses, there are a lot of different types of malware out there that can affect your PC in various ways. Some of these viruses will steal your internet passwords while others delete the important files on your computer. But one of the most dangerous viruses that have been around for almost three-decade now is Ransomware. Out of all the viruses’ ransomware is considered to be the worst because it encrypts all your files and asks you for a ransom in order to decrypt your file.

Since the year 2012, ransomware attacks have become quite common, and if you are not careful, all your data will be locked, and you would not be able to unlock it unless you pay a ransom in bitcoin. When ransomware attacks your computer, you will be shown a word file immediately in which the attacker will have mentioned that they have breached your privacy, and they will not decrypt your files until you transfer them some bitcoin. But as scary as it sounds, ransomware attacks are not that hard to avoid, and if you follow a few simple rules, you will be able to steer clear of it. Let’s have a look at a few ways in which it spreads and how you can avoid it.


One of the major sources through which ransomware spreads is email. What the attackers do is that they create a very convincing email that appears to be sent by a company that you are well aware of. However, if you take a close look at it, you will be able to tell the difference between a fake and an original email. Also, there will be a file attached to the email, and you will be instructed to download that file. If you click on that file, your computer will get infected, so make sure to avoid downloading from untrusted email sources.

Untrusted Downloads

Another way through which ransomware spreads is untrusted downloads. If you are out there on Google searching for a movie or a video game for free, then you will be redirected to multiple sites where you can find the pirated versions. You may be able to watch a movie for free, but you are also exposing your computer to a bigger risk because such sites are already infected by the attackers. Once you visit those sites, they will automatically download the virus into your computer. So avoid downloading files from any untrusted sources.

USB and External Hard drives

It is best not to plug in any sort of USB or external hard drive into your computer without caution. Some of us don’t pay that much attention when it comes to using a USB. We will insert almost any USB into our computer without knowing what kind of files it contains. So avoid doing that, and even if you have to plug in a USB or a hard drive, use a malware protection tool to scan them first.

Unsecured Websites

When you click a website address on google search results, or you type in the address in your browser bar, you are taken to that page immediately. But sometimes a little warning appears on the screens on a red page which tells you that the website you are about to visit is unsecured and can harm your computer. Most people ignore that warning, and they continue to browse that site, but what they don’t know is that their PC can easily get affected by viruses after visiting such sites. It is highly recommended that you never visit such sites as it is better to be safe than sorry.